You may have prepared for the sweat and tears you experience from exercise and accept minor aches and pains in the muscles as part of the process. However, what may surprise you is a pain in the throat after exercise.
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB)
Exercise-induced bronchospasm obstructs transient airflow that usually occurs five to 15 minutes after physical exertion. The reason is a loss of water or heat or both resulting from hyperventilation. Quick breathing causes the trachea to dry out, causing them to become irritated, which causes them to tighten and become smaller, called bronchoconstriction. Along with sore throat, you may also experience wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest pain from the EIB.
You can prevent the EIB by warming up at least 15 minutes before training. Avoid exercising in climates that are too cold and dry – wrap a scarf over your mouth and nose if you have to exercise in the dry cold on a winter day—and exercise in environments that are hot and even humid if possible. Gradually reduce your training intensity and cool down before stopping training altogether.
You can treat EIB with an inhaled medicine prescribed by a doctor. Your doctor may prescribe a short-acting bronchodilator. Inhale this medication 15 minutes before exercise, lasting four to six hours, or a long-acting bronchodilator has taken 30 minutes before training, lasting up to 12 hours. GP may also prescribe a mast cell stabilizer, taken 15 minutes to an hour before activity, which lasts for about four hours, or an anti-leukotriene. The anti-leukotrienes are taken every day and last for 24 hours. Always follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
If your GP does not diagnose you with EIB, you may have vocal cord failure and glottic dysfunction. Pay attention when you feel the pain in your throat. It may be that you only experience pain in the throat after exercise when you are ill due to dripping after the nose. Or it could be the time of year you have allergies, which can tighten your airways even without exercise. Consult your GP for the best diagnosis and treatment.